"Terms Related to The Study of Agnosticism"
A complete listing of words and phrases most commonly used in Agnostic Reader.
The Agnostic Reader definitions glossary includes words and terms found throughout this website. They are provided as a guide for our readers in interpreting the meaning of the material offered herein. Although most are related directly to the subject of agnosticism, they may also pertain to other disciplines. These have been included to help illustrate their meaning as related to Agnosticism. The selections are hosted by wikipedia.org, the internet's largest online encyclopedia. This site was chosen because it offers relevant definitions along with further resources about origins, development, and usage.
Agnostic Athiest - "A philosophical position that encompasses
both atheism and agnosticism."
Agnostic Theism - "Agnostic theism, agnostotheism or agnostitheism is the philosophical view that encompasses both theism and agnosticism."
Agnosticism - "The view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable."
Agnostics - List of - "Listed here are persons who have identified themselves as theologically agnostic."
Apostles - "In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles, were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity."
Bible - "A collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans."
Christ Myth Theory - "The proposition that Christianity started with the belief in a new deity, named Jesus, who was later historicized in the Gospels, which are "essentially allegory and fiction."
Christian Agnosticism - "Christian agnostics practice a distinct form of agnosticism that applies only to the properties of God."
Christian Mysticism - "The development of mystical practices and theory within Christianity."
Christian Mythology - "The term encompasses a broad variety of stories and legends. Various authors have used it to refer to the mythological and allegorical elements found in the Bible."
Christianity - "An Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life, teachings, and miracles of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as the Christ, or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian faiths."
Deism - "A philosophical position that posits that God (or in some cases, gods) does not interfere directly with the world."
Faith - "Faith is confidence or trust in a particular system of religious belief in which faith may equate to confidence based on some perceived degree of warrant."
First Council of Nicea - "A council of Christian bishops convened in the Bithynian city of Nicaea by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325."
Gnosticism - "A modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish-Christian milieus in the first and second century AD."
Gospel - "Written accounts of the career and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth."
Hell - "In many religious and folkloric traditions, hell is a place or state of torment and punishment in an afterlife."
Humanism - "A philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively."
Ideology - "A comprehensive set of normative beliefs, conscious and unconscious ideas, that an individual, group or society has."
Intelligent Design and Science - "The relationship between intelligent design and science has been a contentious one."
Jesus - "A first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity."
Jesus - Historical - "Refers to attempts to reconstruct the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth by critical historical methods", in "contrast to Christological definitions ('the dogmatic Christ') and other Christian accounts of Jesus ('the Christ of faith').
Jesus Seminar - "A group of about 50 critical Biblical scholars and 100 laymen founded in 1985 by Robert Funk that originated under the auspices of the Westar Institute."
Judaism's View of Jesus - "Judaism has never accepted any of the claimed fulfillments of prophecy that Christianity attributes to Jesus."
Judeo-Christian - "A term that groups Judaism and Christianity, either in reference to Christianity's derivation from Judaism or due to perceived parallels or commonalities shared values between those two religions, which has contained as part of the Western civilization.
Religion and Mythology - "Religion and mythology differ in scope but have overlapping aspects. Both terms refer to systems of concepts that are of high importance to a certain community, making statements concerning the supernatural or sacred."
Secular - "An adjective describing something separate from religion."
Secularism - "The principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institution and religious dignitaries."
Secular Morality - "The aspect of philosophy that deals with morality outside of religious traditions."
Secular Humanism - "A philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, ethics,social justice, and philosophical naturalismwhile specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the bases of morality and decision making."